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Gum disease and gingivitis, collectively referred to as periodontal diseases, are common oral health conditions that affect millions of people worldwide. These conditions can range from mild gum inflammation to severe infections that lead to tooth loss and systemic health issues. Understanding the causes, symptoms and treatments for these conditions is vital for maintaining good oral health and preventing potentially serious consequences. At Radiant Smiles, we offer advanced treatment for gum disease at our dental center in Arlington, VA.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is primarily caused by the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. When plaque is not regularly removed through proper oral hygiene practices like brushing and flossing, it hardens into a substance known as tartar or calculus. Tartar buildup can irritate the gums, leading to inflammation and infection. In response, the body’s immune system triggers an inflammatory response, and over time, this process can damage the supporting structures of the teeth, including the bone. Several risk factors contribute to gum disease, including smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications and underlying medical conditions such as diabetes. Genetic factors can also play a role, as some individuals may be more genetically predisposed to gum disease.

Symptoms of Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease

The symptoms of gum disease can vary in severity. In its earliest stage, known as gingivitis, individuals may experience red, swollen and tender gums that bleed during brushing or flossing. Gingivitis is often accompanied by persistent bad breath and can typically be reversed with improved oral hygiene practices. However, if left untreated, it can progress into a more severe form of gum disease known as periodontitis. Symptoms of periodontitis include receding gums, pockets forming between the teeth and gums, loose or shifting teeth, and, in advanced cases, tooth loss. Pain and discomfort may also be present, as well as a persistent bad taste in the mouth.

Early intervention and professional treatment are essential to prevent gum disease from advancing and causing irreversible damage to the gums and supporting bone. This includes deep and more frequent dental cleanings, medications and lifestyle changes. In more severe cases, periodontitis may require scaling and root planing below the gum line and other periodontal treatments.

Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss and it can increase your risk for other health issues like type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Radiant Smiles is your source for gum disease prevention and treatment. Contact our office in Arlington, VA, to schedule a checkup if you have any signs of gum disease or for a periodontal exam.

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Inspiring Patient Stories

Dr. Surbhi is an excellent dentist. She took the time to explain every procedure she was doing. She is very professional and has a calm personality. This office is absolutely wonderful! She is the best dentist I have ever had. The assistant and front desk are considerate, Friendly and great professionals. Thank you Dr Surbhi for excellent treatment. Wish you all the best.
Priya S.
Dr Chandna and her teams are amazing. I had a cleaning scheduled and when I came in for my appointment she had fully explained to me how everything would work and performed it to where I felt little to no pain or discomfort.
Caleb S.
Extremely thorough dentist who explains her findings more clearly than any dentist I have ever had. Very highly recommend!
Barry M.

Dr. Surbhi Chandna

Dr. Surbhi Chandna is a general and cosmetic dentist. She started her career in Dentistry in 2005 and has since gained experience working in India and United States. She is a graduate of prestigious University of Pittsburgh- School of Dentistry. She has years of experience working in Richmond, Maryland, and Northern Virginia. She has taken hundreds of CE courses to stay updated with the latest dental technology.

She truly enjoys the art of dentistry, because she can use her skillset to improve the smile, oral health, and confidence of her patients. Refer to our gallery for some of the cases that she has done.

Featured in Arlington Magazine’s July/August ’23 Dentist profile

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We are conveniently located in the Ballston/ Virginia Square corridor, which includes the neighborhoods of Clarendon, Ashton Heights, and Courthouse. Our location is just two blocks from the Virginia Square Metro Station

Parking is also available in commercial parking lots adjacent to the office building as well as on street parking.

3801 N Fairfax Dr Suite 25
Arlington, VA 22203

Mon 08:00 am – 04:00 pm
Tue 08:00 am – 02:00 pm
Wed 08:00 am – 04:00 pm
Thu 08:00 am – 05:00 pm
Fri 08:00 am – 02:00 pm

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FAX: (703) 516-0262